Yes. When in the atmosphere, just click Descend. You don't need to actually descend, but you can see the city layout. Possibly even the names/types if you mouseover them, but I can't be certain on that part.
I have always thought that on the Galactic Map you should be able to click right down to the city level. I think currently you can do it if you own the city but I really don't understand this restriction. If it is not hidden then it should be deemed public information and you should be able to see all.
Bound in a nutshell I am the king of infinite space.