Cloning Vats are an essential piece of equipment used in the cloning process. They resemble a bacta tank in many respects, being transparent with life support tubes and diagnostic probes inside to monitor or manipulate the subject within. The size of the tank varies for both the stage of life and species of the cloned subject, with most clones typically being incubated in smaller jars and then moved to larger tanks to mature. These are connected to cloning chambers that supply the individual vats with the power, nutrients, and catalyst fluids required to sustain a rapidly growing life. The vats also manage waste disposal and feature external controls to make minute adjustments to the composition of the nutrient bath and growth parameters of the subject.
Inside the tank, the clone is surrounded by a catalyst solution that serves to mimic the gestational environment of their species and encourages an enhanced growth process, if requested by the client. Unlike Spaarti cloning cylinders and other technology that can produce fully mature clones in just a standard year, Kaminoan technology is only engineered to grow clones at twice their normal growth rate. While this process requires more time, it produces higher quality clones and avoids the potentially devastating side effects of rapid aging and madness. While Kaminoans and their cloning prowess are known across the galaxy, the details of their process and technology remain a closely guarded secret.